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TREES 4. Annuals Annuals are plants that complete their life cycle in one season or one year eg. Balsam and Cosmos. Annuals are a group of plants which attain their full growth from seed, flower and die in one year or one season. Mostly they complete their life history in 3 to 6 months.
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: Identifying and Treating Scale in House PlantsContent:
- How to identify trees
- Indoor plants
- Gardening Australia
- House Plants Identification Pictures
- Simple Key
- Native Plants for Georgia Part I: Trees, Shrubs and Woody Vines
- Types of houseplant bugs: Who they are and what to do about them
- Top 10 plants with purple leaves
- 15 Houseplants With Fantastic Purple Foliage
- What Kind of Orchid Do I Have?
How to identify trees
All trees have clues and features that can help with identification. You just need to know what to look out for. This quick guide to tree identification will give you a few basic hints and tips.
Learn how to identify trees with our top tips on what to look out for. The UK has at least fifty species of native trees and shrubs, and many more species of introduced non-native trees. Some trees have a distinctive look that can be used to identify them, especially from a distance. Compare a silver birch, with its narrow shape and light and airy crown, to the broadly spreading crown of an oak. Overall shape is also useful when identifying conifers. Look for signs of management which can affect the shape.
Trees like hazel, hornbeam, beech and willow may have been coppiced or pollarded which can create a tree with many stems, rather than a tall, single trunk. The location of a tree affects its appearance and shape. Trees in woodland often have narrower crowns compared to trees in parks with lots of space around them.
The distinctive branches of ash trees curve down towards the ground, then turn upwards at the tips. Some species, like hornbeam, may be cut at the base known as coppicing which produces a tree with several stems rather than a single trunk. L ook at the bark all the way up the tree as it can vary between the base and the crown.
The bark of ash is pale brown to grey, with fissures as the tree matures. Cherry bark is a deep reddish-brown colour with prominent horizontal lines. The white bark of silver birch sheds in layers like tissue paper and becomes black and rugged at the base. The silvery-brown bark of sessile oak becomes rugged and deeply fissured with age. The bark of apple trees is typically grey in colour with bumps, scales or ridges. Leaf type, shape, appearance, texture and colour are all key characteristics when identifying trees.
They are also often the most obvious feature, particularly in spring and summer. The needles and scales of conifers are also considered types of leaves. The leaves of broadleaved trees fall into two basic types - simple and compound. Leaves are whole and are not divided right to the central leaf vein, such as apple or birch. The edges of some simple leaves can be indented or lobed, such as sycamore, field maple and hawthorn, so take care not to mistake these for compound leaves.
Lime leaves are a simple and heart-shaped leaf with a pointed tip. Pinnate are feather-shaped where leaflets are attached in pairs along the central vein such as rowan, ash and elder.
These are palm-shaped, like the outstretched fingers of a hand. Horse chestnut has palmately compound leaves. Be careful not to mistake Acer species such as sycamore and field maple as having palmately compound leaves - they are actually simple with a lobed margin. In autumn, some species have leaves that turn spectacular autumn colours. Guelder rose and field maple often turn a vivid orange or red. Trees that are closely related often share similar features. All elm species have unequal leaf bases - take a look at the bottom of the leaf where it meets the leaf stem known as a petiole..
The leaves of downy birch are triangular deltoid. Other birches, like silver birch, also have leaves that are this shape. Several willows, like this white willow, have long, thin lanceolate leaves.
Look out for leaf edges that are lobed like this hawthorn. Oaks, sycamore and maples also have lobed leaves. The leaf edges of beech are wavy. This is one way to tell the difference between beech and hornbeam which have serrated leaf edges. If the foliage on the tree is needles or scales then you are probably looking at a conifer.These include trees in the pine, fir, cypress, larch and spruce families. Most conifer trees have needles or scales present all year that can be used for identification.
One of the few exceptions is European larch which loses its needles in winter. Pines, spruces, firs, cedars and larches have needles. They can be different shapes, sizes and be arranged differently on twigs. Flattened needles could mean a yew or whorls of three needles juniper. Species of the cypress family have scales. These are flattened and shield-shaped that overlap on the twig. Leaves and needles are often the most useful clues for identifying trees. Look closely at the type, shape, edges and arrangement of them.
Many trees only bloom at a particular time during the year but if you can see flowers, usually in the spring, it can be another helpful to help with tree identification. Broadleaf trees have flowers that contain the reproductive organs, and most conifers have cones for reproduction. Here are some basic types. What time of year is the tree flowering? Blackthorn blooms in late winter, before the leaves have come out.
But hawthorn flowers much later on in May, once its leaves are out. Ash flowers are by no means showy, but they are an unmistakable deep purple colour. The flowers appear before the leaves have emerged. Bird cherry flowers are clustered together in spikes known as racemes at the ends of the shoots. Male and female flowers can look very different. The make flowers of hazel hang in long catkins, but the female flowers are tiny with their shocking pink stigmas peeping out of the top like tiny sea anemones.
Cherry plum tends to flower very early - before the winter is out. Its flowers grow singly, rather than in clusters. Another early flowering tree. Blackthorn blossom appears in late winter or early spring, long before its leaves unfold. Its frothy white blooms stand out against the wintry hedgerow. Male alder catkins are long and dark green whereas female catkins are small and egg-shaped. These female catkins will eventually develop into the woody 'cones' that holds the seeds.
At the right time of year fruits and seeds are a great character to help with identification. They vary in shape, appearance and size from hard nuts to soft berries. Look at the colour and feel the texture of the outer surface of the fruit. Is it smooth, hairy, prickly, rough or papery, soft, hard or dry? Consider opening fruits up to reveal the seeds inside, which can also be a useful identifying feature. Take note of whether fruits or seeds appear singly, such as crab apples, or in groups like the umbrella-like clusters of elderberries.
The fruit types of broadleaf trees vary greatly and include samaras, nuts, catkins, berries, stone fruits, apples or pears, capsules and cones.
Samaras are papery, winged fruits. Their 'wings' can be in pairs field maple and sycamore or single hornbeam, ash. Nuts are usually dry and woody. Some are unmistakeable such as the shiny brown sweet chestnuts. Catkins are long and dangly and becoming fluffy masses of seeds in summer willows and birches. Berries are soft and juicy fruits often containing several seeds elder and guelder rose.
Stone fruits have a fleshy exterior and a single stone inside plums, cherries and sloes. Apples or pears are larger fleshy fruits with many seeds inside crab apple, Plymouth pear. Capsules are seeds contained within capsules of varying shapes and colours like the bright pink capsules of spindle which split open to reveal bright orange seeds. Cones - alder has fruits that look like dry, woody cones that remain on the tree all year. Out of season you can look around the base of the tree to find old fruits or seeds that may help.
But bear in mind they may have come from a neighbouring tree. Cones are formed of scales which overlap one another for example in pines or larches or are fused together such as those of the cypresses. Cones can vary in appearance and can also be highly modified. Look at the different shapes and sizes from elongated and cylindrical to oval and round. Buds are usually on twigs throughout winter. When they are at the end of the twig they are called terminal buds and are often the largest buds.
Those growing along the twig are lateral buds and these can have one of three main arrangements. Alternate buds are arranged in turn on opposite sides of the stem rowan, hawthorn, hazel, elms and limes. Opposite buds are in pairs placed directly either side of the stem ash, dogwood, spindle, sycamore and Norway maple.
Spiral buds whorl alternately around the stem oaks, aspen and blackthorn.
While having the correct light levels and watering properly are two of the most important steps in growing healthy indoor plants, houseplant growers also have to constantly monitor their plants for signs of pests.There are many types of houseplant bugs, and arming yourself with a little information goes a long way toward preventing or eliminating an infestation. Certain houseplants are definitely more prone to pest issues than others, but houseplant bug problems are often prevented by following a few simple steps. Carefully inspect new houseplants for pests before you bring them home from the garden center. Before putting any new houseplants with ones you already have, put it in solitary confinement in a separate room for a few weeks. You can also place a few yellow sticky cards just above the top of the plant. Check the card every few days for any insects.
Some pink houseplants have green, white and pink leaves, and others just variegated indoor plant with large pink and green waxy leaves.
Decay and spores of Botrytis cinerea fungus infecting impatiens leaves. Houseplants are typically grown in enclosed and secure environments that may exclude many pests. Nonetheless, pests sometimes occur on houseplants. Decline in houseplant health is most commonly associated with improper watering too much or too little water provided , improper fertilization amounts, root diseases, poor sanitation, and adverse environmental conditions, such as low light intensity or low relative humidity. Sometimes, however, houseplant problems may be caused by insect or mite pests. Routinely check your houseplants and promptly address these problems when detected. When handling or observing your plants, examine them for signs and symptoms of pests and other types of damage and problems.
House Plants Identification Pictures
Trailing house plants have long, trailing stems. Growing them in pots hanging from the ceiling or sitting on a shelf is a great way to show them off, enabling their stems to cascade down for dramatic effect. Make sure you choose a trailing house plant that will thrive in the conditions you can provide. If choosing a trailing house plant for your bathroom, make sure it can tolerate high humidity. If choosing a trailing house plant for growing near a window, make sure it thrives in bright light.
If you love the color red, there are many different houseplants with bright red leaves that you can add to your indoor garden.
Need the answer to a specific plant or pest query? Book a 1-to-1 video call with Joe Bagley, the website's friendly author, to overcome and address your niggling problem! There are three main types of Soil Mites, each digesting different sections below the soil line. The most common Mites you'll find in houseplant composts are Oribatids , which will feed off rotten roots, bits of bark and other dead mites. Their speciality to reproduce is in moist, organic matter-rich compost that rarely sees periods of droughts.
Native Plants for Georgia Part I: Trees, Shrubs and Woody Vines
Did you know houseplants can communicate? Thankfully, plants communicate with us all the time. No one likes stress, not even plants. Stressors can include lack of water, over watering, temperature change, less light — you name it. The plant will likely adapt to its new situation. Wilting is usually a sign that your plant needs water. In the plant world that means long and spindly stems.
Easy tips on British tree identification using leaves, flowers, fruit and bark. Compare a silver birch, with its narrow shape and light and airy crown.
Types of houseplant bugs: Who they are and what to do about them
To identify an item is to recognize the item and associate it with its appropriate name. Such as, that tan automobile in front of our house is a Honda Accord. Or, that large woody plant in the park is a tree, more specifically a Doug-fir. Identifying a landscape or garden plant requires recognizing the plant by one or more characteristics, such as size, form, leaf shape, flower color, odor, etc.
Top 10 plants with purple leaves
Below I will show you exactly how to identify common houseplant pests, and give you tips for treating them. There are several types of houseplant bugs that can attack indoor plants. The good news is that each one has its own distinct characteristics, so they are easily identifiable. Discovering that one of your beloved houseplants has an infestation is never fun. I get asked this question all the time!
Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Houseplants include a wide variety of plants, often from tropical or subtropical regions.
15 Houseplants With Fantastic Purple Foliage
Common and popular plants found inside many homes include the spider plant, aloe vera, peace lily, jade plant, weeping fig and plenty of others. It's impossible to resist growing flowering plant types indoors. The color and beauty adds that extra touch to our homes.Busy life and cannot spend enough time certain plants require for care and maintenance, or you have a that room does not get much light? Foliage type indoor plants tend to require less strict caring instuctions and foliage can be just as attrcative as any flowering type.
What Kind of Orchid Do I Have?
Instantly identify over , types of plants: flowers, trees, succulents, mushrooms, cacti and more with PlantSnap! PlantSnap now teaches you how to grow and care for your plants. We have added gardening tips and advice for thousands of plant species. With the PlantSnappers Community, you connect with more than 50 million nature lovers in over countries!