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Companion plants benefit each other when planted in close proximity. They work and play well together, attracting good insects and keeping away the unwanted ones. Companion plants also provide nutrients and in some cases natural shade and support to their garden neighbors. Many vegetables and herbs have natural substances in their roots, flowers and leaves that repel unwanted pests and attract beneficial insects.
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: a guide to plant spacing in the vegetable gardenContent:
- Vegetable Planting Guide for Plant & Row Spacing
- How Far to Space Vegetables in a Raised Garden?
- Illinois Vegetable Garden Guide
- How To Create A Simple, Weed-Free, Low-Maintenance Vegetable Garden
- Vegetable Plant Spacing in a Container
- Get a Bigger Harvest With This Plant Spacing Guide for Raised Bed Gardens
- Garden Seed Planting Guide
- The All-In-One, Square Foot Gardening Plant Spacing Guide w/ Printable Chart (60+ Plants!)
- Starting a Small-Space Vegetable Garden
Vegetable Planting Guide for Plant & Row Spacing
Log In. There is a PDF version of this document for downloading and printing. Vegetable gardening is becoming more popular—both as a pastime and a food source. We experience satisfaction in planting a seed or transplant, watching it grow to maturity, and harvesting the fruits of our labors.
In addition, vegetable gardening offers a good source of exercise, with the added benefits of healthy snacks and food for the table. Vegetable gardening consists of selecting a site, planning the garden, preparing the soil, choosing the seeds and plants, planting a crop, and nurturing the plants until they are ready for harvest.
The end result is fresh produce to eat, share, or sell. Anyone who is willing to invest some time every day or two to nurture the plants can grow a vegetable garden. With patience and practice, your skills will improve every year.
Growing vegetables takes some space, but not necessarily acres. Many vegetables can be grown in containers. For example, enough lettuce for a salad can be grown in a inch pot on the back deck. Add a few radishes and carrots, also grown in inch containers, for spice and sweetness, and you have a good start on a delicious salad.
Success, however, takes more than just a place to grow the vegetables. They need sunlight, water, air, soil, fertilizer, and care.
Choose a convenient site in full sun with easy access to water and fertile, well-drained soil. Avoid areas near trees and large shrubs that will compete with the garden for sunlight, water, and nutrients.
Most vegetables need at least eight hours of direct sunlight. Plants that we grow for their leaves—including leafy greens such as lettuce, kale, chard, and spinach—and plants that we grow for their storage roots such as radishes, turnips, and beets can be grown in as little as six hours of sunlight but do much better with eight hours or more. Plants that we grow for their fruit, including tomatoes, squash, and cucumbers, need at least eight and do better with 10 hours of sunlight.
Water is heavy and difficult to move, so locate the garden near a potable water supply, making it easy to water the garden properly. Dragging a hose hundreds of feet or carrying buckets of water across the yard every few days makes having a garden a lot more work. On average, vegetables need one inch of water per week, and you need to provide only what is not supplied by rain. Water the soil, not the plant. Many diseases are spread by water splashing on the leaves.
Overwatering can also lead to insect and disease problems as well as washing nutrients away, converting a valuable garden resource into pollution in nearby streams. Gardening is not as easy as simply planting a seed or transplant and watching the plant grow. Once a site is selected, there will be several other questions to consider in the planning phase. Container gardens. Many vegetables can be grown in containers that are deep enough to support their root systems. Containers may range from as small as a inch flowerpot to a half whisky barrel.
The bigger the container, the easier it is to be successful. The larger the mature plant, the larger the container needs to be.
Vegetables that do well in containers include beans, beets, carrots, collards, cucumbers, eggplants, garlic, kale, leeks, lettuces, mustard greens, peas, peppers, potatoes, spinach, squash, Swiss chard, and tomatoes. Mix and match vegetables in one container for extended beauty and harvest.Containers require more frequent irrigation than gardens, especially as the plants grow and require more water. A drip irrigation system connected to a timer is a great addition to a container garden.
Raised beds. A variety of materials can be used to construct raised beds, but do not use materials that might leach chemicals into the soil, such as old railroad ties. Soil in raised beds will heat up more quickly in the spring and stay warm longer into the fall. Vegetables in raised beds will require more frequent irrigation than those in an in-ground garden.
When planned and planted properly, one 4-foot by 8-foot raised bed may supply a good portion of the produce for one or two people. The addition of trellises provides vertical gardening and increases the space available to vining plants like cucumbers and beans.
Use intensive gardening techniques to optimize use of the space. Succession planting will also aid in maximizing the harvests from a raised bed in a small area. In-ground gardens. Larger areas allow gardeners to choose traditional row gardening or gardening in beds.
While a row garden is easier to manage with a tractor for planting, harvesting, and other garden chores, planting in a bed makes better use of available space. Using beds allows for several rows to be planted closer together, shading weed seeds and preventing them from growing later in the season. Beds may require a bit more labor to plant initially. But when planted correctly, beds can reduce the need for weeding later in the season. You can also incorporate vegetables in your ornamental beds.
If you want more land, explore opportunities at a community garden. Whichever garden style is chosen, start small. Only plant the amount of space that you can manage joyfully.
The garden should be fun and fascinating, not a chore to be dreaded and avoided. Start small, improve the soil, manage the weeds, and expand the garden as your skills and interests grow.
Grow what you like to eat. If space is limited, concentrate on vegetables that yield the greatest return for the effort, such as pole beans, tomatoes, root crops, and leafy greens. If you like to cook unusual foods, try vegetables that are difficult to find or expensive in the market—such as specialty lettuces or broccolini. In North Carolina most vegetables are grown as annuals, but some biennials and perennials are also grown. Vegetables are grouped by when they grow:.
Plant cool-season crops early and warm-season crops in late spring. Use a cold frame or frost cloth to begin earlier in the season. Cool-season crops will bolt as the days lengthen and temperatures rise. Use shade cloth to protect plants and extend the season. Warm-season crops planted in late spring will grow until the first fall frosts. In late summer, plant cool-season crops for fall. Cool-season crops established in late summer will continue to grow through moderate to freezing temperatures.
Cold hardy crops such as kale, collards, and turnip greens planted in fall may live through the winter. In colder areas, use a cold frame or frost cloth to extend the season. For specific planting dates, consult your county Extension center.
You can also use N. Scheduling when to plant and when to harvest can be done in several effective ways. Writing the planting dates and projected harvest dates on a calendar is a method used by many gardeners and farmers. Another method is drawing a diagram of the garden and writing projected planting and harvesting dates on the garden diagram. Knowing when an area will be harvested helps with planning when to plant another crop in that space.
Using this method of planning allows for a small space to be managed to its fullest potential. If planting in rows, run them across the slope of the land to reduce erosion. If there is little or no slope, north to south orientation makes the best use of sunlight. Do not foster the buildup of insect and disease pests by growing the same types of plants in the same spot year after year.
Instead, plan a three- to four-year crop rotation for each bed or garden area to prevent crops in the same plant family from being planted in the same space in succession Table 1. Crop rotation reduces the likelihood of nematode, insect, or disease buildup in the soil. This method of planning works well when the garden consists of three or more raised beds or is large enough to be divided into three or more plots.
Table 2 depicts a sample four-year crop rotation plan for a garden with four plots growing vegetables from four plant families. Having a garden plan makes it easier to decide what seeds or transplants to purchase, how many will be needed, and when they will be needed.Things to record in the garden journal would include a list and map of what was planted, planting dates, varieties, source of plants, air and soil temperatures during the growing season, soil test results, fertilizers and pesticides applied, rainfall received, and amount and dates of harvest.
Include photographs throughout the season. Containers : Purchase potting soil or make your own by combining equal parts of compost, shredded pine bark mulch, and vermiculite. Do not use garden soil in container gardens. Raised beds or in-ground gardens : Amend your soil with organic material first either homemade compost or purchased certified compost. Then submit a soil sample to determine the pH and nutrient content of your soil. The N. Cooperative Extension center in your county can provide a soil test kit to have your soil analyzed and obtain specific recommendations for growing vegetables.
Amend the soil based on the recommendations from the soil analysis. Space plants according to the label on the seed packet or plant tag.
Allow space for the plant to mature , and leave space for airflow between plants to prevent disease. Plant seeds only two to three times as deep as the greatest diameter of the seed.
Cover the seed and firm the soil lightly to ensure good seed-to-soil contact.
How Far to Space Vegetables in a Raised Garden?
Planting a vegetable garden is an enjoyable experience. With careful planning and preparation, you can have a good harvest. See individual vegetable pages for more information on growing specific crops in your home garden. Do not prepare your soil for planting when it is too wet or too dry.
Home vegetable gardens range in size from a single potted tomato plant to large gardens. culture of a certain crop, gardening hints for these crops.
Illinois Vegetable Garden Guide
It involves carefully measuring gardening plots. Careful planning can have a huge impact on how much food you grow, and how much waste you can avoid. But for traditional gardeners and acolytes of other styles like myself , we may need a bit more of a formal intro! We link to vendors to help you find relevant products. If you buy from one of our links, we may earn a commission. What is square foot gardening, and where did it come from? Why do people still use the method in gardens today, and why is it so popular? Sure, it involves the clever use of square foot measurements to get the most out of your growing space.
How To Create A Simple, Weed-Free, Low-Maintenance Vegetable Garden
Tomato plant spacing depends on a few factors, including the variety type and the type of garden. Follow our advice and you'll be spacing for success. But this can be a recipe for garden disaster. Planting tomatoes too closely can cause all kinds of issues, from stunted growth to disease.
From the farmhouse to the White House, vegetable gardening has captured the imagination and attention of seasoned as well as novice gardeners across the nation.
Vegetable Plant Spacing in a Container
I use a hoe and dig down as deep as I can to the hard soil at the bottom of the raised bed, about a foot deep. It really cleans it up and gives it a crisper image. Small space gardening requires creativity. Also there is a greater depth of soil so plants grow well in a Growing peas in raised garden beds can maximize space, lessen drainage issues, and make harvesting easier. The raised bed should be at least 12 inches tall for best results.
Get a Bigger Harvest With This Plant Spacing Guide for Raised Bed Gardens
Log In. There is a PDF version of this document for downloading and printing. Vegetable gardening is becoming more popular—both as a pastime and a food source. We experience satisfaction in planting a seed or transplant, watching it grow to maturity, and harvesting the fruits of our labors. In addition, vegetable gardening offers a good source of exercise, with the added benefits of healthy snacks and food for the table. Vegetable gardening consists of selecting a site, planning the garden, preparing the soil, choosing the seeds and plants, planting a crop, and nurturing the plants until they are ready for harvest. The end result is fresh produce to eat, share, or sell.
Amateur gardeners should keep in mind that longer distances between plants, that is, slower than indicative distances, serve to give the plants greater.
Garden Seed Planting Guide
Before planting, prepare a plan of the garden on paper. The plan should show the location of each crop and the amount to be planted on each date. It can also indicate what companion crops will be planted together. To get the most out of your garden, follow these simple guidelines.
The All-In-One, Square Foot Gardening Plant Spacing Guide w/ Printable Chart (60+ Plants!)RELATED VIDEO: 6 Vegetables To Grow During The Winter For An Early Harvest
Well-planned, properly managed home gardens can furnish Oklahoma families with flavorful, high quality, fresh vegetables from spring through fall, as well as for processing or storing for winter. The amount of money invested in seeds, fertilizer, pesticides and a few tools is more than offset by the enjoyment, healthful outdoor exercise, and fresh homegrown flavor. The selection and preparation of the garden site is an important key to growing a home garden successfully. An area exposed to full or near full sunlight with deep, well-drained, fertile soil is ideal. The site also should be located near a water supply and, if possible, away from trees and shrubs that would compete with the garden for light, water and nutrients.
Planting tomatoes, carrots, or cukes for the first time?
Starting a Small-Space Vegetable Garden
If you're doing multiple plantings of a seasonal crop, such as greens or beets, then use the same quantity for each sowing. Use this handy chart as a guideline when planning how many vegetables to plant, but feel free to adjust to your preferences! In general, multiply the number of plants per person by 3 or 4 for a family-sized planting. Keeping a garden journal from year to year will help you track which crops you had more or less than needed so you can better plan for future growing seasons. Here are some supplies and tools we find essential in our everyday work in the garden. We may receive a commission from sales referred by our links; however, we have carefully selected these products for their usefulness and quality. Best Water Wands For Plants.
Space to play or pause, M to mute, left and right arrows to seek, up and down arrows for volume. Whether you're designing a whole garden or just a single garden bed, once you've decided what plants suit your conditions and which ones you like, the next thing to think about is plant spacing. How far apart should your plants be? When calculating plant spacing, the term 'on centre' is used, which is referring to measuring from the centre of one plant to the centre of another plant.