The chemicals used by some vegetable gardeners can feed the plants, but not your soil!
Little by little, they alter the microbial life and end up making the soil poor and sterile. We therefore avoid these products that are harmful to the environment and we pamper our plot of land with natural amendments. It would be wrong to do without them because very often they are free!
Phacelia, clover, mustard… Green manures are plants which have the capacity to restore nutrients to the soil. Most of the time, they are sown in the vegetable garden in early spring, late summer or in autumn when a square is free. Some vegetables, such as tomatoes, take a lot of nutrients from the soil. It is important to regenerate it before growing anything else in it. Green manures also help to fight against landslides, the growth of weeds and leaching of the soil.
Compost is a wonderful source of organic matter! On the one hand, it has a formidable efficiency thanks to the multitude of materials that compose it. On the other hand, it costs nothing and makes your waste useful. It combines kitchen waste such as peelings, cooking water, carrot tops, eggshells, coffee grounds, small pieces of meat ... To this is added mowing residue, sawdust. wood, twigs, plant manure, ash and fallen leaves. This explosive cocktail provides nitrogen, calcium, potassium and phosphorus. The main elements necessary for plant growth in short!
Rich in nitrogen and carbon (depending on the amount of straw), manure is a fertilizer of choice for your soil.
The advantage is that you can get it easily. All you need to do is ask local breeders to provide it, they will be happy to get rid of it. In addition to improving it, the manure will also improve the structure of the soil, making it loose, permeable and easier to work. You can put it directly on your plot of land or integrate it into your compost.
In the fertilizer department, I would like plant manure! They enrich the soil but are also used to fight against pests in prevention. This dual utility makes them essential for any self-respecting organic gardener. Whether it is nettle, tansy, comfrey or horsetail, the principle is the same: 1kg of fresh plants for 10L of rainwater. Then just dilute them to use them in irrigation water. Do not forget animal fertilizers like crushed horn, dried blood or guano! Rich in minerals, they boost growth, promote the development of flowers and fruits.
In nature, the ground is never bare. It is with this simple premise that permaculture enthusiasts use mulch to cover the soil and enrich it. They also help keep the soil moist, protect against the cold and even control the growth of weeds. They decompose and thus enrich the soil over time. It is then necessary to renew them and take care to vary the types of mulch. Clippings, green leaves and haulms are rich in nitrogen. Dead leaves, wood chips and straw are used for their carbon content. Get in the habit of covering your vegetable garden and beds with mulch to keep the soil rich and alive.